1 Barel (42 Gallon)

Info Indonesia

Mei 28, 2008

1 Barrel (42 Gallon) Minyak Mentah Menghasilkan 44 Gallon Produk Minyak

Diarsipkan di bawah: BBM — nizaminz @ 9:52 am

1 barrel (42 gallon) minyak mentah menghasilkan 44 galon produk minyak

Dari situs US Energy Information Administration dijelaskan bahwa dari 1 barrel (42 gallon) minyak setelah dikilang jadi 44 galon lebih produk minyak yang punya daya jual. Bahkan untuk Avtur harganya lebih tinggi dari bensin. Berikut penjelasannya.

Setelah minyak mentah diangkat dari dalam tanah kemudian dikirim ke kilang minyak lewat pipa, kapal, atau tongkang. Di Pengilangan berbagai bagian minyak mentah dipisah menjadi berbagai produk minyak yang bermanfaat. Minyak mentah diukur dalam barrel = 42 US Gallon = 159 liter. 42 galon (1 barrel) minyak akan menghasilkan lebih dari 44 gallon produk minyak. Tambahan 2 gallon itu serupa dengan popcorn (jagung letup) yang bertambah besar setelah meletup. 

1 Barrel (42 gallon) minyak mentah ketika dikilang akan menghasilkan:

Produk Minyak

Gallon

Produk lain

7.27

LPG

1.72

Avtur

3.82

Heavy Fuel Oil

1.76

Minyak Bakar

1.75

Diesel

9.21

Bensin

19.25

Total

44.78

Produk lain dari minyak terdiri dari: tinta, crayon, permen karet, deodorant, ammonia, aspal, dsb.

http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energyfacts/sources/non-renewable/oil.html#Howformed

 

Proses Pengilangan

After crude oil is removed from the ground, it is sent to a refinery by pipeline, ship or barge. At a refinery, different parts of the crude oil are separated into useable petroleum products. Crude oil is measured in barrels (abbreviated “bbls”). A 42-U.S. gallon barrel of crude oil provides slightly more than 44 gallons of petroleum products. This gain from processing the crude oil is similar to what happens to popcorn, it gets bigger after it is popped.

One barrel of crude oil, when refined, produces about 20 gallons of finished motor gasoline, and 7 gallons of diesel, as well as other petroleum products. Most of the petroleum products are used to produce energy. For instance, many people across the United States use propane to heat their homes and fuel their cars. Other products made from petroleum include: ink, crayons, bubble gum, dishwashing liquids, deodorant, eyeglasses, records, tires, ammonia, and heart valves.

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